main entrance gate of pilsener brewery, west bohemian region.
Czech Independence Day
On October 28, 1918, independence was officially declared on Wenceslas Square in Prague, and new history began to be written for the peoples of the former Austria-Hungary. Thanks to Czechoslovak perseverance and faith, the state of Czechoslovakia was created.
Most Czechs and Slovaks have never accepted the Austro-Hungarian state as their own. The idea of independence had been here before, but it was delayed by the First World War.
During 1916, T. G. Masaryk, Edvard Beneš and M. R. Štefánik formed the later Czechoslovak National Council, which became the main body of the anti-Austrian resistance.
The events of October began on October 14, when a general strike was declared. During the coup, the symbols of power were torn down and the people began to proclaim the establishment of a republic. However, the strike was suppressed and the original monarchy lasted another two weeks.
The independent Czechoslovak state was proclaimed on October 28 and 1918, and with it the period of the so-called First Republic. To this day, the term from 1918 to 1938 and the creation of the Munich Agreement are known under this term.
Švehla, Rašín, Soukup, Stříbrný and Šrobár, these names are connected by one date and one big event, in which they participated most intensively. In 1918, these politicians led a coup that resulted in the creation of Czechoslovakia.
Today we celebrate 103 years of independence. For Czechs and Slovaks alike, it is a big day, signifying separation from Austria-Hungary and the beginning of new history. The division of the Czech Republic and Slovakia is not so exciting for both nations, because it was much easier and more voluntary, and both sides agreed.